It is a figure of speech that compares two nouns (name, place, animal or thing) based on a similarity that is present in both. “Like” and “As” are not used to connect the two nouns. Often the verb “to be” is given credence in a metaphor as it conveys the understanding of a noun by referencing its similarities with another unique noun. A metaphor can also be said to describe a noun in a manner that cannot be taken literally. Its intent is to interject more emphasis on the sentence and carry the meaning to the reader. Unlike similes, metaphors do not make an explicit comparison. There are different types of Metaphors;

Absolute: There is no obvious semblance between the idea and the image. It confuses the reader but encourages them to derive their own assumptions. Eg. A VCR is the autobahn of a living room.
Extended: There is one primary subject compared to several secondary subjects. Eg. All the world is a stage and men and women are merely players.
Complex: The simple metaphor is supported by a secondary element. Eg. That point lends weight to the argument. Conceptual: An idea is comprehended only in relative terms to another noun. Eg. Time is money.

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